Shivta National Park is an ancient Nabatean and Byzantine city in the Negev Desert 43 kilometers south west of Beer Sheba. It was thought to be a Nabatean village but archaeologists now think it was a Byzantine settlement and was used by pilgrims on their way to Saint Catherine's Church in the Sinai Peninsula. It is believed that Shivta was an agricultural settlement as there are no fortifications around it. There was no natural water at Shivta and the settlers used runoff water which accumulated in a double pool and which can still be seen today. There is also evidence that the settlers used varied techniques of sowing and reaping. Three Byzantine churches, 2 wine presses, residential areas and administrative buildings have been found. Archaeologists believe that more than 2 million liters of wine were produced here. The Avdat acropolis is an important finding. The site was abandoned in the 8th or 9th century CE.
Another point of interest at the site is Colt House, which was used by a group of archaeologists in 1993-1994 led by H. Colt, the son of the infamous gun manufacturer.
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