Three huge pools known as Solomon’s Pools are located southwest of Bethlehem. These pools were part of a complex water system constructed 2000 years ago during the Roman era. They supplied water to Bethlehem, Herodium and Jerusalem. The pools were fed by 4 different springs and provided water for a 60 km acqueduct system. There is approximately 50 meters between each pool with each pool 6 meters lower than the one above it. The lowest is the largest of the three. It was filled first and then the others were filled in succession.
Today the water from Solomon's Pools only reaches Bethlehem as many of the acqueducts have been destroyed over time. The area around Solomon's Pools was naturally a place for relaxation and as a resting place for traveling caravans.